The Scale of Human Trafficking
Given the hidden nature of human trafficking, it is almost impossible to understand the full scope and scale of the issue. According to the latest report on forced labour by International Labor Organization(ILO), an estimated 40.3 million people are in modern slavery, including 24.9 million in forced labor and 15.4 million in forced marriage globally today.
Human trafficking and modern slavery do not discriminate; they affect men and women of all ages.
71% of trafficking victims around the world are women and girls and 29% are men and boys.
30.2 million victims (75%) are aged 18 or older, with the number of children under the age of 18 estimated at 10.1 million (25%).
- 37% victims of trafficking in forced marriage were children.
- 21% victims of sexual exploitation were children.
Forced labour takes place in many different industries.
While every industry is susceptible, those highlighted in the report are broken down as follows:
- 16 million (64%) forced labour victims work in domestic work, construction or agriculture.
- 4.8 million (19%) persons in forced sexual exploitation.
- 4 million (16%) persons in forced labour imposed by state authorities.
Debt bondage affected half of all victims of forced labour imposed by private actors. Debt bondage is used as a method of control and prevents trafficking victims from escaping.